Seberapa efektif penyemprotan disinfektan secara luas

Oleh Dr Abhishek Royal dan Dr Marcelo Amaral Mali.

Seluruh dunia tanpa lelah melakukan upaya untuk menghentikan penyebaran SARS Coronavirus 2 dan mengakhiri pandemi COVID-19. Pemandangan petugas pemadam kebakaran menyemprotkan disinfektan di jalan dan gedung menggunakan truk pompa bertekanan tinggi atau drone yang menyemprotkan bahan kimia dari langit memberikan rasa aman yang ekstrim bagi kebanyakan dari kita. Ketentuan membasahi orang / pekerja yang melakukan perjalanan pulang dari daerah yang terkena dampak dengan disinfektan melalui pipa selang dan pelaksanaan yang ketat dari norma untuk menggunakan terowongan disinfektan oleh masyarakat umum di tempat umum dan ruang disinfektan oleh tenaga kesehatan saat memasuki atau meninggalkan fasilitas kesehatan terus terlihat. di berbagai belahan dunia.

Apakah ada buktinya?

Alasan di balik penerapan langkah-langkah ini bisa jadi untuk membunuh virus yang ada di atas permukaan yang terkontaminasi seperti yang dilaporkan oleh sebuah penelitian yang diterbitkan dalam The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) . Studi tersebut melaporkan viabilitas virus pada permukaan plastik dan baja tahan karat yang terkontaminasi hingga 72 jam dan 48 jam dan pada permukaan tembaga dan karton hingga masing-masing hingga empat jam dan 24 jam. Studi ini menyatakan kemungkinan penularan SARS CoV 2 melalui permukaan yang terkontaminasi dan telah dikutip secara luas untuk menerapkan intervensi penyemprotan disinfektan pada permukaan baik di ruang tertutup maupun terbuka dan pada manusia. Prosedur desinfeksi ini dirancang untuk menonaktifkan atau memusnahkan kuman pada benda mati!Padahal proses ini sangat dianjurkan Dalam mendisinfeksi permukaan di fasilitas perawatan kesehatan yang menular, efektivitas intervensi ini di ruang publik terbuka atau di atas manusia untuk mencegah penularan virus ini belum dipelajari. Studi NEJM juga dilakukan dalam pengaturan laboratorium tertutup yang ideal dan tidak memberikan kelangsungan hidup virus pada objek yang terkontaminasi dalam pengaturan luar ruangan yang nyata memiliki variasi yang sangat besar dalam ketersediaan sinar matahari, kelembaban dan ventilasi. Ada juga kurangnya ketersediaan bukti kualitas yang membuktikan penularan virus melalui kontak langsung dengan permukaan luar ruangan yang terkontaminasi. Ini sebenarnya menunjukkan sifat tidak ilmiah dari tindakan penyemprotan disinfektan di ruang luar dan penggunaan terowongan disinfektan untuk membersihkan manusia saat memasuki dan meninggalkan tempat umum. Sebaliknya, rumah sakit, Laboratorium mikrobiologi dan fasilitas perawatan kesehatan lainnya termasuk unit karantina dan isolasi, adalah area dengan konsentrasi tinggi dari berbagai agen infeksi dan praktik yang sama dalam mendisinfeksi ruang ini cukup ilmiah dan juga merupakan kebutuhan. Belum ada studi penelitian yang membuktikan kemanjuran penggunaan ruang disinfektan di fasilitas kesehatan untuk mencegah penularan infeksi ini. Demikian juga, ada tidak ada bukti ilmiah yang menetapkan hubungan antara pencegahan penularan infeksi ini dan penyemprotan disinfektan pada orang yang terpapar virus saat dalam perjalanan kembali dari daerah yang terkena. Praktik ini tidak hanya mengabaikan martabat orang-orang ini tetapi juga mengakibatkan pelanggaran HAM berat. Ini juga menghasilkan pembentukan fatamorgana keamanan palsu, dengan demikian membahayakan kepatuhan terhadap intervensi kesehatan masyarakat yang efektif lainnya.

Jika Anda membutuhkan jasa untuk membunuh bakteri dan virus berbahaya seperti Corona di area rumah maupun di kantor, Anda dapat menghubungi jasa penyemprotan disinfektan bandung yang sangat profesional di bidang ini.

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